Basmati derives from the Sanskrit word “vasmati” meaning “fragrant”. Basmati rice is believed to have been cultivated in the Indian Subcontinent for centuries. The earliest extant work to mention the basmati rice is Heer Ranjha (1766).
Basmati was introduced to the Middle East by Indian traders. Through cultural exchange it remains not only an important part of various Indian/ Pakistani cuisines but now is also used extensively in Persian Arab and other Middle Eastern cuisines as well. India and Pakistan are the exclusive growers and exporters of this type of rice